Heart disease is one of the deadliest killers in the world to date. But all Congestive heart failure, a condition found secondary to many major cardiac diseases, possesses its own high mortality rate. Fifty percent of those diagnosed with congestive heart failure will die within the five following years. The exact mechanism of the disease is heart to understand and scientists are struggling to find a cure.
Congestive heart failure results as the cells in the heart die or become non-functioning due to an event such as a myocardial infarction (a heart attack) or ischemic heart disease. Dyspnea, a classic symptom of congestive heart disease is caused by blood pooling in the organs and fluid building up in and around the lungs, this is caused by the heart which is unable to pump blood adequately around the body.
The possibility of repairing the damage cells in the heart and the treatment of the disease is targeted by clinical research. There are lots of new medications that would assist in vasodilation that are currently being researched, there are medications currently on the market that present a higher incidence of cardiac arrhythmia that couldn’t be stopped by the current research.
In the age of natural medicine, the power of the mind has been invoked in clinical trials to use meditation and relaxation techniques to combat the stress on the heart, they can be the breaking point for patients with heart failure. The body’s blood pressure can be negatively effected by stress, causing an already weakened muscle to be forced to work harder which in turn places an undue amount of pressure on this precious organ. The theory lies in the belief that by learning to maintain a low level of mental stress the heart will be less stressed and therefore less likely to fail completely, and in the end the patient can be given a better prognosis.
Alongside the return to natural, holistic methods of treatment is an incredible advancement in clinical technology that was not available twenty or thirty years ago. Attempts are being made to reverse the effects of congestive heart disease, scientists are now claiming to have identified a set of altered genes that can make an individual more disposed to suffer from this type of heart disease. Drugs such as beta blockers and Alpha 2 agonists are already available and being used in treatment programs, they are being used to tamp down the genes activities.
Also being explored is the possibility of using stem cells, the body’s pluripotent progenitors, to assist in reparation of the damaged heart tissue. Clinical trials showed that patients suffering from congestive heart failure responded very favorably to an injection of their own stem cells into the heart, although the exact means by which this causes improvement is as yet unknown. Stem cells can help facilitate the growth of new vessels in the heart, it is also believed they stimulate and repair the heart by extracting the bodies own healing cells.
The possibility of actually growing healthy tissue from embryonic stem cells to be transplanted is also being explored, although the controversial nature of the use of embryonic stem cells makes this questionable. Embryo stem cells are used as an adequate number of new cells that meet the needs of the patients cannot be produced by adults.
A person’s body cannot reproduce dead cells in the heart and this makes heart failure incredibly dangerous; it is hoped that researchers will one day find a cure with all the modern medical advancements which are being discovered every day.